Surface grinding and scraping are used to prepare metal surfaces for further use. Both methods involve removing material from the surface of a metal workpiece to achieve a smooth, flat surface. However, there are specific differences between the two techniques.
Let’s discuss the differences between surface grinding and surface scraping services and when each of these services should be applied.
What is surface grinding and scraping?
The primary difference between these two processes is the precision with which they can produce a finished product. Surface grinding is a machining process that uses an abrasive wheel to remove material from the surface of a workpiece to achieve a precision finish. This method is highly accurate and produces a consistent, repeatable surface finish.
Scraping, on the other hand, is a manual process that relies on the operator’s skill to produce a fine finish. It involves manually removing material from the surface of a workpiece with the help of a hand scraper or gouge. Although it does not provide the same level of precision as surface grinding, scraping can still produce a smooth surface.
What are the advantages of each process?
Surface grinding service offers several advantages over scraping when preparing metal surfaces for further use.
- It is much faster than scraping.
- It can produce a more consistent.
- Repeatable surface finishes with higher accuracy.
- Surface grinding requires less skill on the operator’s part and can produce parts with very tight tolerances.
On the other hand, surface scraping services are beneficial for the following reasons:
- It is a much more economical process since it does not require expensive machinery.
- It can produce surfaces that are far smoother than those produced by surface grinding.
Although this method requires a higher level of skill on the operator’s part and cannot produce parts with tight tolerances, it can still be an effective way of preparing a metal surface.
When should you use surface grinding and scraping?
Surface grinding should be used when high accuracy and a smooth, consistent finish are desired. It is the ideal choice when parts with high tolerances need to be produced or if coating needs to be applied to the metal.
Scraping is an ideal choice for parts that do not require a high level of accuracy and where surface finish is optional. It can also produce smoother surfaces than surface grinding, making it a good option for decorative projects or where a higher level of craftsmanship is desired.
In conclusion, surface grinding and scraping are valuable for preparing metal surfaces for further use. The choice of which process to use should depend on the specific requirements of the project and the desired results.
The best result for your application
Both grinding and scraping can be used to prepare metal surfaces for further use. The choice of which process to use will depend on the specific application and the precision required. Surface grinding is generally more accurate and faster than scraping but requires more expensive machinery, while scraping is more economical but requires more skill and produces lower accuracy.
At Nation Grinding, Inc., we offer large surface grinding services with competitive rates and quick turnarounds. Our experienced technicians use state-of-the-art machinery to provide the best results for your application. Contact us today to learn more about our services.
Grinding is a common machining process used to create metal parts. The process uses abrasives to shape materials to specific dimensions and shapes, followed by applying a surface finish. Two types of grinding are Blanchard grinding and precision grinding. While Blanchard grinding is best for materials with wide surface areas, precision grinding forms parts with small surface areas.
We will explain other differences between these two methods, in addition to their respective benefits and drawbacks. Ultimately, the better choice will depend on the particular needs of your application.
What Is Blanchard Grinding?
The Blanchard Machine Company invented blanchard grinding in the early twentieth century. Also called rotary surface grinding, this method utilizes specially designed holders or magnets to keep the workpiece in place. Operators use a Blanchard grinding machine consisting of a vertical spindle and wheel to grind along a single side of the workpiece. Blanchard grinding can achieve tolerances down to +/- 0.001 inch and surface finishes of about 65 RMS.
The most popular application for Blanchard grinding is metalwork involving iron or other ferrous metals. However, other applications may use this process for certain plastics and non-ferrous metals, albeit at slower production rates and increased costs.
To summarize, Blanchard grinding offers these key benefits compared to other grinding processes:
- Effective for parts with large surfaces
Certain applications may not be well suited to Blanchard grinding due to these drawbacks:
- Less precise than precision grinding
- Leaves a grinding mark
What Is Precision Grinding?
Precision grinding involves cutting away materials from components that have small surface areas and need superior finish, parallelism, or flatness. The precision grinding process typically helps complete parts after they have undergone other machining processes.
Precision grinding consists of several subtypes that offer superior precision. For example, the horizontal spindle surface grinding process uses an abrasive wheel rotating at a high speed to grind away a workpiece’s surface. Another type of precision grinding is cylindrical grinding, which removes material from cylindrical parts.
Applications that use precision grinding processes include molds and dies, bushings, machine components, stampings, pistons, and shafts. The method can achieve surface finishes of around 10 RMS and tolerances as tight as +/- 0.0001 inch.
Precision grinding offers these main advantages:
- Optimal precision
- Smooth finish
At the same time, precision grinding has the following drawbacks:
- Lack of compatibility with larger workpieces
- Slower than Blanchard grinding
Key Differences Between Blanchard and Precision Grinding
When selecting the right grinding process for your preferred materials, here are some key differences to keep in mind:
- Surface area: For bigger workpieces with larger surface areas, Blanchard grinding is more ideal. Precision grinding works better for components with smaller surface areas.
- Precision: Precision grinding can achieve a higher degree of precision than Blanchard grinding.
- Smooth vs. rough finish: For parts requiring a very smooth finish, precision grinding works best. Blanchard grinding, on the other hand, produces moderately smooth finishes.
- Speed: If an application requires maximum efficiency—particularly for large parts with greater surface areas—Blanchard grinding produces parts more quickly.
Choose Nation Grinding for Grinding and Coating Services
Nation Grinding, Inc. offers custom Blanchard and precision grinding services, which include precision vertical grinding, thread and jig grinding, cylindrical grinding, and ID grinding. With our added coating services, we have provided ground and coated parts for use in a variety of sectors, including the military, aerospace, electronics, and medical industries.
To learn more about our capabilities or request a quote, contact us today.